Due to the significant drop in nuclear power consumption, Germany has been unable to reduce fossil fuel consumption as much as previously hoped. This shortfall is especially the case with natural gas, which has been a central cause for concern given the political leverage held by massive Russian exports to Germany, and to the European Union more broadly. On this issue, progress has been limited, and seems to be getting worse.
As the table below demonstrates, Russian natural gas exports to Germany are only increasing, and show no signs of abatement, mirroring anecdotal reports and the steady progression of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline.
Total imports, including those from Russia (except a 2011-2012 decrease due to supply diversions resulting from extreme cold weather), have increased while both domestic production and consumption have decreased.
In 2016, Germany sourced over 46 percent of its natural gas imports from Russia, up from 40 percent in 2006. The other two key suppliers, Norway, and the Netherlands, both maintained relatively stable exports over the period examined.
In short, Germany’s Energiewende is big failure. Having spent 100s of billions of euros on ‘alternative energy production’ the only result is that the consumer end price for electricity risen to amongst the highest in Europe ( What German households pay for power ) whilst dependence on fossil fuels has augmented.
Worst still, due to the unpredictability of their alternative energy Germany has been forced to pay other nations to please pretty please take their surplus energy of their hands to prevent their infrastructure glowing red from overproduction whilst at the same time having to pay spot prices to import energy those nights the sun doesn’t shine, those cloudy days it also doesn’t do much, those days the wind doesn’t blow or those days it doesn’t blow at all or to strong.
Inevitable conclusion: their endlösung for energy production doesn’t work in real life.